This small guide does not pretend to be an exhaustive work on the subject of the methodology of academic research, but only a small support for the student who needs in a short time to know how to develop an academic essay in the courses that require it as part of their evaluation , Or, by personal interest. Therefore, the work is not oriented to people who know the subject, but to all those who do not know or have little experience in how to produce a small documentary research work.
Knowing how to investigate is a duty of every university student. A true university is not one who approves a course and obtains a degree, but one that is dedicated to investigate. University life is research. Research is ongoing learning. Who does not investigate returns their obsolete knowledge in a short time.
I divide the work into three sections. The first section shows what the elemental structure of an essay is. The second provides the basis for an assay, ie it shows how the inner part of the assay is and how it is performed. Finally a brief exposition of how an idea is developed and an argument is made closes the present work. In the end I quote some bibliography that may be useful for the student interested in topics on methods of documentary research.
1) The elemental structure of an essay or monograph.
There is a basic way in which academic work is presented. There is also talk about monographs, dissertations, research work. Here I am going to use the term essay because it is the most common form of academic writing when it comes to making known our idea or some subject in general. The essay is also presented as an article for specialized journals. Every academic essay basically has the following structure:
Cover page. Index. Introduction.
Body of the essay or development.
There are also works that incorporate annexes, appendices or glossaries. If so, any of them goes before the bibliography. Let’s briefly see what each of the basic parts of an essay includes.
The cover will only be done if the work is for a course, otherwise it will not. Here we include in a separate page the name of the institution, title of the essay, author (in this case, the student or students), name of the course and the teacher who teaches it, date or school period. If it is an essay that we would like to publish, we will then include by way of introduction a short section, without enumeration, which will be called a summary, which will be in italics and bold and in which we will briefly state what our subject is about. After this we add another section called keywords, in which we will state the words or terms that most emphasize the content of the essay. It is more about terms or categories. Also keep in mind that the same presentation should be added in English when the journal requires it. In this case we will use abstract and key words respectively.
Here it is clearly stated which is the subject and the problem to be dealt with throughout the essay. In the introduction we will inform the reader more fully of what our essay is about. It is a more detailed approximation than the abstract and in it we will try to seduce our reader that our research is valuable. Now, in the introduction we will, apart from offering an overview of the content of the essay, to say what is the fundamental problem that we have raised in our research. Likewise, we will say what is the general objective that is pursued and what is our hypothetical approach or hypothesis. Also in the introduction we are going to communicate to our reader which is the theoretical perspective that we have adopted to approach the subject of study or the phenomenon to study.
Test or development body
In the development we are going to explain with clarity the central idea that we want to support based on a series of arguments. It is an argument based on the literature that we have studied. Therefore, in development we are going to offer, in the first place, an explanation of the chosen subject; Secondly, we will hold a discussion or if you will, we will discuss the topic deeply; And finally, we will demonstrate our central idea on the subject. Recall that this is not separate, but everything in a coherent speech or writing.
When we say that we are going to demonstrate our central idea, it means that essayistic writing does not consist only in reproducing existing knowledge but rather in producing more knowledge. That is to say, in an essay we are going to contribute not only the existing knowledge about a certain subject, but we will expose our knowledge, what we have learned and what we believe is necessary for others to know because it helps to understand more the reality of a given phenomenon The theme.